Threading your sewing machine is one of the simplest tasks you can perform on your machine but it is also one of the most important. If you don’t thread your machine properly then it can cause all kinds of problems. It can cause your machine to throw stitches, to stop stitching altogether and can also cause a colossal waste of time. That is why I have decided to give you the correct procedure for threading a sewing machine. While there are some machines that make threading easier—and you can spot these particular models in sewing machine reviews—the technique I am going to be giving you today is one that will work on just about any ordinary machine.
Winding The Bobbin
Take your thread and place it on the spool pin on the top of your machine. Place your empty bobbin on its own bobbin pin. Now take some thread, wrap it around the bobbin winder and press your foot on the pedal to begin winding the bobbin. Remove the bobbin, cut the excess thread and prepare for threading.
Thread The Machine
It is very important that you unplug the machine before you thread the machine. You are going to have your fingers around the mechanical parts and the needle of this device and you certainly don’t want an accident to happen, so be sure your machine is unplugged every time you thread it.
Starting with the spool of thread, follow the directional arrows on your machine and guide the thread toward the needle. After you have done this, then secure the thread at the hook on the front of the machine and the hook next to the needle. Now the thread can be be fed through the front of the needle.
Thread The Bobbin
Insert the bobbin. On front loading machines, the bobbin is positioned vertically. On most machines however, the bobbin goes directly under the needle in its compartment.
Spin the hand crank a couple of times and the bobbin thread will pop out. Take your fingers and grab it so that you can pull a few inches of it out. You are now ready to sew.
That is all there is to it. While this is the best sewing machine threading instruction I can come up with, it doesn’t handle all the particulars of every single model of sewing machine out there. Sewing machines come in a wide variety of models and styles, and all of them have their own unique features that have to be dealt with when threading them. It is always best to read your instruction manual for the particular threading method of your unit.
Most of the best sewing machine patterns I have used have been ones that I have made myself. Sure, I could have bought pre-made patterns or even found free patterns online, but I actually like crafting my own. It indulges my inner artist and gives me a bit of a challenge. It is also extremely gratifying sewing your own unique article of clothing from scratch.
I understand however, that creating your own pattern from scratch can seem pretty intimidating. It was for me at first. But that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t give it a try. All you need is a little bit of time, a bit of patience and a plan on how to proceed. Now, I can’t help you with these first two things, but I can help you with the last part. Today I am going to teach you how to make your own pattern.
Before you begin making your own pattern however, you need to understand the basics of clothing construction. This is knowledge that can only be gained from first hand observation. Take some old pieces of clothing and take a good hard look at them. Deconstruct them if you have to. Just make sure that you understand how clothes are put together. You should also have a basic understanding of how your sewing machine handles certain fabrics. This knowledge can come from first hand experience or from reading sewing machine reviews.
Now that you understand clothing construction, it is time to start your first pattern. You should definitely start with something simple and I think I have the perfect project for you. It was one of the first projects I ever did too. It’s turning a plain man’s T-shirt into a onesie.
The first thing you need to do is to fold the onsie in half and place it on a piece of light cardboard material. Then trace the other half of the onsie. This will become your pattern. Be sure to allow for the seam, after all you don’t want it to be tight, and that should about do it. You have your pattern.
You can take this basic approach and apply it to just about anything. You can turn already made pieces of clothing and make them into something else. It is something that I have been doing for quite a long time now and it has never failed me. I’m sure it will work for you as well. Sure, you might have to practice a bit to get everything right and your first few articles of clothing might be a disaster, but if you put in the time and effort I am sure that you will be happy with the result.
I’ve had my sewing machine for almost two decades now. It was a present given to me by my Aunt Betty for my 19th birthday. When I first received it, I didn’t sew avidly and really didn’t think much of my aunt’s present. However, after I saw a lady on television sewing a tote topper, I decided to give it a try and immediately became hooked. From that point forward, I sewed everything I could get my hands on and used the machine almost all of the time.
I still have that machine and pretty much use it on a daily basis. I became really good at using it and have even contributed to several sewing machine reviews about this particular machine. I thought I had become pretty much an expert and could sew just about anything. However, I wasn’t always as well-versed in sewing machines as I am now. There was a bit of a learning curve, but the machine was pretty much trouble-free.
Now, that doesn’t mean that I haven’t had any problems with it at all. Actually, if I am going to be honest here, I think that I have had problems with the thread tangling or the needle breaking over the entire course of the eighteen years that I have been using it. But I thought it was just a part of sewing and had nothing to do with my ever-developing abilities. I couldn’t have been more wrong.
One day, I decided to take it to the best sewing machine shop I could find to see why I continued to have so many problems with it, and what the shop owner told me was an eye-opener. She told me that there was nothing wrong with the machine and that I just wasn’t operating it properly. She then proceeded to show me a few tips. After that, I haven’t had a single problem with needles breaking or the thread tangling.
These tips really has saved me a lot of frustration and that is why I have decided to share them with you today. After all, I figured I couldn’t be the only person on the planet that might need a little bit of a lesson on stitch length or properly using needles. I am sure that there are a lot of people who could use this sage advice. Of course, I am sure that veteran seamstresses will probably be bored senseless by the tips I am going to give here today, but I hope that all of the rest of you will learn something new today.
The first thing that I was taught was that I was using the wrong needles. I was using a Singer machine but was using a Brother sewing needle. That was the most obvious of my problems but it wasn’t the only one. I also had the wrong tension on the machine. The lady at the shop told me that once I had the tension set on my machine correctly, there usually wasn’t a reason to change it. She advised me to adjust the tension so that the stitches above and the ones below were of equal length. These two pieces of advice really helped me and I hope they help you out too.
A question that is posed to me on a regular basis – as well as being posed in numerous online sewing machine reviews, is how to sew on buttons. For some people, stitching on buttons is one of the easiest things in the world, but for others it is a project that is fraught with a lot of frustration and heartache. Today, I am going to tackle this subject and tell you how you can sew on buttons like a seasoned pro.
One of the very last things a person does when they are finishing up their sewing is to put on buttons. It seems like they are the perfect accent to any garment job. However, it is also one that causes the most headaches. Many people find them to be tedious, time consuming and a general pain in the you-know-what. This is because is can be very hard to make them look uniform. At least, that is what it seems like.
In reality, sewing on buttons is as simple of a task as anything else done with your sewing machine. You just have to take your time and follow the best sewing machine button method. A time-honored one that will assure that your buttons not only look professional but don’t give you a bunch of gray hairs stitching them on. Here is the method:
Before you start you are going to have the right equipment. The first thing that you’ll need is a sewing machine that is capable of doing zig zag stitches. The next thing you’ll want to have is a little device that attaches to your machine called a button sewing foot. You can still sew on a button without this device, but I personally recommend that you don’t. This attachment has saved me a ton of aggravation.
Of course, if you don’t have a button sewing foot – or are adamant about not purchasing one – then you can do it the hard way. You can remove the presser foot and hold down the button using only the ankle of the sewing machine.
After getting your equipment together, it is now time to place the button. Figure out where you want it on the garment and tape it down securely with a piece of scotch-tape. Don’t worry, your machine will stitch right through the tape and when you are done it will peel off effortlessly.
Now lower your feed dogs. If your machine has a button setting, then choose that and the feed dogs will be lowered automatically. Attach your button sewing foot (if you are using one) and then select your stitch. If your machine has a button stitching setting, then it will select the stitch for you. If not, then just choose a zig zag stitch with a stitch length of zero.
Hand crank the machine so the needle goes through the left button hole. Do the same on the right hole. Ensure that the needle hits the center of each hole. Once you have done that, you are now ready to begin stitching.
Stitch approximately 9 stitches – very slowly. Now raise the presser foot and remove the fabric with the button on it. Snip the top and bottom threads, leaving about 4-5 inches of thread hanging from both. Wrap these “tails” of thread around the bottom portion of the stitches. Underneath the button but still on top of the fabric. Take a hand needles and insert the tails through the fabric and tie them into a knot. Trim as necessary. Congratulations, you have now sewn on a button!
Most of the advice I give out is helping people cover the basics of using the machine and becoming comfortable with sewing. Today however, I am going to try something a little bit different. I am going to give out the best sewing machine tips I have in my arsenal that will show you how to use your sewing machine to get professional results. If you want to sew like the pros do—and I don’t know why you wouldn’t want to—then follow these tips and you’ll be well on your way to sewing perfection.
Sewing Pillow Covers
If you are sewing something like a pillow cover, then the best advice that I can give you is to keep your stitch length short. This will not only give you a better seam but will also make it less likely to tear or rip apart.
Keeping An Eye On Loose Threads
It doesn’t matter how well you can sew, if you have fraying or loose threads then your entire project is going to look amateurish. So trim those threads and give your project that clean professional look.
Serge The Seams
Serging seams can really give a professional appearance. You can do this either using a serger, which can be bought in any craft store, or by pressing the seams before you start sewing. Trust me, it makes a big difference.
Use A Point Turner
Point turners can either be made of plastic or bamboo and they are made to turn your fabric right side out without damaging it. Using this device can really make your work look professionally done, so be sure to use yours. If you don’t have one, they can be easily purchased online and with minimal expense.
Press As You Sew
This is one of my favorite tips for creating professional looking projects. Instead of pressing your clothing with an iron after you have finished it, why not press it as you sew? I do this with every single one of my projects and it never disappoints me.
Buy A Professional Machine
This may be the best piece of advice I can give you. Make sure that you buy a machine that is capable of producing professional results. You can find a professional machine by asking friends or by reading sewing machine reviews. This will usually give you all the information you need to pick the best machine possible.
You have researched and bought the best sewing machine. You have assembled all of the tools you need and have learned some techniques. Now all you have to do is sit down and sew. Then all of a sudden it hits you. You have spent all of this time buying the right machine, the right thread and the best thread, but you know little to nothing about what type of fabric to use.
To make things even worse, If you walk into a fabric store without any knowledge about fabric, then it can be an overwhelming experience. You are faced with rows and rows of different types of material. And usually the sales person in charge has as little information to offer you on the subject. This can turn what you thought would be a pleasant day buying fabric into some sort of a nightmare. That’s alright because I am going to give you a quick and dirty guide to buying fabric. Here are the basics of what you need to know about fabric.
Okay, let’s start with the basics. When you walk into a fabric store, all of the different fabrics are arranged in bolts. Bolts is a term for fabric that is either rolled or folded. These bolts are then arranged according to the type of fabric they have. Craft fabric is usually in one part of the store and household fabric is in another part. Don’t worry, these areas are usually adequately marked so you can find what you need to find quickly and easily.
There is one quick note I need to add about fabric stores really quickly however, before we move on. Please keep in mind that not all fabric stores offer a general selection of merchandise. Some stores specialize in specific fabric types. Just something to think about while you are choosing a store.
Some of the fabrics you are likely to find in the store include:
Cotton: This fabric will usually shrink when washed, so be sure to buy cotton that has been pre-washed. This material is good for aprons and other household projects.
Canvas And Denim: These materials are not only heavier than cottons, but are also a lot sturdier. These are great for projects that need a higher level of durability such as totes or items that are going to be used outside.
Flannel: This material is most often used for things such as pajamas or baby clothing. It is soft and comfortable, but be advised that it will usually shrink after it’s washed the first few times.
Jersey Knits: This material is like T-shirt material. It is often used for various apparel items. Just keep in mind that since this material stretches, it might be harder to sew.
This isn’t an exhaustive list but it does cover the basics. I do have one last tip before I go, however. Before committing to buying fabric, be sure to read sewing machine reviews to see which machine works best with each material.
Modern sewing machines are wonderful devices that not only make sewing an easier chore to do but have a bunch of features that make them pretty much error-proof. Of course, that is not how it seems to a lot of people. There are quite a few people out there, and maybe you are one of them, that really get tired of their machine acting up in one way or another. If you don’t believe me, then all you have to do is read some of the sewing machine reviews and you’ll see what I am talking about. It seems like there are quite a few machines out there that are rebelling against their users.
It would be easy to blame the machine, but unfortunately it isn’t the machine’s fault—at least nine times out of ten. Most of the common “malfunctions” that crop up during sewing have more to do with user error than a shoddily designed machine. I hate to break it to you but it’s the truth.
Fortunately, it is something that can be remedied. Today, I am going to show you some of the most common sewing machine errors and the best sewing machine remedies for these errors. Fixing these problems as they arise will allow you to solve them quickly and get on with the task at hand.
Problem #1: My Needle Keeps Unthreading
This is the most common problem. You have just threaded your needle and as soon as you start sewing—bam—it comes unthreaded. Fortunately, this is easy to solve. First off, always make sure you have an adequate amount of thread pulled through the needle and out the back of the machine. At least several inches. Second, make sure that your needle is at the highest position possible before you start sewing. You can make sure that the needle is fully raised by checking the top of your sewing machine. If you can see the take-up lever, then the needle is fully raised. If you can’t, then hand crank your machine until you can.
Problem #2: My Fabric Is Hyperactive!
If you are attempting to thread your garment or piece of fabric and it just won’t sit still long enough to finish the task, then you don’t have the presser foot lowered. The presser foot holds down the fabric so you can stitch neatly. If it’s not lowered, your fabric will move with the needle. Don’t let that happen, lower your presser foot.
Problem #3: Uneven Stitching
If you just finished doing a stitch and it looks really loose on one side and really tight on the other side, then you most likely have a tension problem. Check the settings on your machine and make sure that the tension is set correctly. If that still doesn’t fix the problem, then check your bobbin and make sure that it is not only inserted in the machine in the correct way, but that the thread is pulled through those grooves that are in the bobbin case.
If you read over some sewing machine reviews, then you are apt to think that these little devices are prone to breaking down. It seems like there is always someone complaining that the sewing machine they are using isn’t living up to the potential they think it should. However, I would say this is more of a problem with the user than it is with the machine manufacturers. Many people simply don’t know how to take care of their sewing machine.
I know this can sound a bit harsh, but it’s true. Many people think of sewing machines as more like work horses than the fine tuned instruments they are. And with any finely tuned instrument, you have to take care of it. Which involves not only using it properly but also doing some light maintenance on it. While I am not going to be telling you how to use your machine today, what I am going to tell you how to do is how to clean it to keep it in pristine condition. Here are some tips for performing maintenance on your sewing machine to keep it in good running condition.
Use A Maintenance Schedule
The first thing you need to do is figure out how much you use your machine on a weekly basis. You don’t need to come up with exact figures but you do need an estimate to how many hours you use in weekly. Once you have come up with an estimate, you can then figure out how often you will need to clean your machine. Most experts and manufacturers recommend that you clean your machine after ever ten hours of use, but cleaning it more often will work as well. You can also use the 2 bobbin rule. This rule states that you should clean your machine after ever 2 bobbin changes. This is a good guide to use as well.
Assemble Your Cleaning Kit
Here are some things you are going to need:
Instruction Manual: This is the most important. Make sure that you have a copy of your instruction manual handy. It gives you specific guidelines for cleaning your particular model. If you don’t have the manual, then either find it on the Internet, get one from a local dealer or contact the machine’s manufacturer. Just be sure you have one on hand.
Lint Brush: A lot of machines come with their own lint brushes, but if yours doesn’t then you need to purchase one. If you need too, you can also use a makeup brush in a pinch.
Needles: You are going to want to change your needles after every cleaning. This will improve sewing performance.
A soft cloth: You can use just about any type of cloth, but I usually prefer to use a high quality muslin cloth.
Now that you understand the reason for cleaning your machine and have assemble all of your tools together, it is now time to get down to the actual cleaning. Please refer to my article, How To Clean Your Sewing Machine-Part Two for the best sewing machine cleaning practices.
I know that everyone says that they have the best sewing machine tips, and I am sure that is true to some extent. The tips that work for you always seem like they are the best tips in the world. Which is why I am going to refrain from displaying too much bravado about the tips I am going to present to you today. Some of these tips you will most likely use—thereby making them the best tricks in the world—but others you may already know of, so you’ll most likely toss those to the wayside. That is fine with me. Pick and choose the ones that work for you. The point of this article is to help as many people as possible with their sewing.
Keep The Thread Guide Raised
When you sit down to sew, make sure that your thread guide is in its most raised position. If it isn’t, then when you begin the needle will become unthreaded. Make this a regular habit and you eventually you will check it every single time.
Keep Your Needle Down
Another thing that should become a habit is keeping your needle down whenever you stop to do something else. A lot of people will raise the needle whenever the stop to put pins in the garment. Learning to pivot the needle while it is still in the fabric will allow you keep your seams aligned perfectly.
Start By Hand
A great tip is to always start the first couple of stitches by using your hand-wheel. This will allow you to make sure that not only is the needle entering the fabric smoothly (which can be a plus if you are sewing heavy or bulky fabrics) but will also allow you to avoid time consuming thread jams.
Retread On A Rethread
One minute you are stitching along and the next minute you are looking at a thread that is either too loose or too tight. If that is the case, then you should rethread the entire machine. The spool, bobbin and everything else. This will usually solve the problem and prevent you from wasting a lot of time going through a check list of possible problems.
Don’t Use Universal Needles
Universal needles may be good for basic projects, but they aren’t good for much anything else. If you can, then you should get a needle that is specific to the type of material that you are sewing. Cottons and calicos often use a smaller needle, while denim needs a bigger needle. Use the right needle for the job and you will end up with a better looking project.
Do Your Research
If you are considering buying a new sewing machine, then make sure you put in your due-diligence. Check out sewing machine reviews, talk to friends and check out features. A sewing machine is an investment that should last you a long time and make your work easier. Be sure that it does both of those things.
The only way that you are going to get better at using your sewing machine is by doing a lot of practice, and I do mean a lot of it. Sure, when you start using it for the first time you are going to make a lot of mistakes, and probably mess up quite a bit of fabric, but it doesn’t mean that it isn’t worth the effort. In fact, you will realize that you the more time you put into it the better you become. As with anything worth doing in this life.
Today, I am going to tell you how to perform some of the most commonly asked for stitches that I have seen people ask for in numerous sewing machine reviews and articles. These are the basic ones that will get you started on your goal of becoming the sewing machine master that you want to become. Some of them might seem hard at first, but don’t be discouraged. Perseverance goes a long way in sewing.
The Handy Back Stitch
This stitch is necessary so that you don’t have to spend time tying the front and back ends of your stitch. It’s also fairly easy to do. You simply sew a few stitches forward, and then when you are ready, push the back switch button. The needle will now begin to travel backwards. When you have reached the beginning of your stitch, stop. Keep practicing until you have it mastered.
Dreaded Straight Lines
Sometimes it can be pretty hard to sew a straight line, so a little bit of practice is recommended. When I first began sewing, I found that if I took a piece of fabric that already straight stitch lines, and practiced following them, that I was able to improve the straightness of my lines. I know that it will work for you as well.
Of course, this isn’t the only way to practice sewing straight lines. You can also take a piece of fabric that is striped (like a dish towel) and practice following the lines. Or you can take a ruler and draw some straight lines on a piece of scrap fabric using a market. Then all you have to do is try to follow the line. Don’t worry if it doesn’t work well the first couple of times you try it. You will get better.
On To Advanced Stitching
Now that you have mastered the basics, it is time to move on to something a little bit harder: curved lines. This type of stitching will often give the most anxiety to beginners, but it isn’t as hard as you think it is. You have to sew a little bit slower and use a steady hand, but it’s well worth the trouble.
Well, these are the best sewing machine practice guidelines that I can give you today. Hopefully, these will not only show you how to start practicing your stitches but will also encourage you to start practicing as well.